What will happen if your car becomes a driver itself? Then you don’t have to drive yourself or even hire a cab or a driver. That would be fantastic and you will be able to save a lot of money. But is it possible? You may have seen autonomous cars in Tv series like Knight Rider. But when will autonomous cars be available to the public for day to day use? Let’s talk about it.
An autonomous car or in simple words, a self-driving car is a vehicle that is capable of identifying the objects and the environment around it and operate itself without the involvement of a human. But there are 6 types/levels in autonomous cars categorized by their evolution.
Level 0: No automation
This is the very basic level of a car that most of the people used in the last century. No automation technology has used. Therefore drivers should operate manually every single feature.
Level 1: Driver assistance
A few new features have introduced to the level 0 cars, like Adaptive cruise control (ACC), Adaptive light control, Anti-lock braking system, and automatic parking. But still, human engagement is necessary to control the vehicle. These are common features of nowadays cars.
Level 2: Partial automation
This is where it begins to feel the excitement of an autonomous car. The car drives itself but the driver must have hands on the wheel to take control at any given moment, to avoid any danger. Tesla Autopilot, Volvo Pilot Assist, Audi Traffic Jam Assist are some of the cars that use Level 2 autonomous capabilities.
Level 3: Conditional automation
As the name suggests it can drive autonomously with conditions and limitations like limited-access divided highways at a certain speed. Although hands are not necessarily should be on the wheel, drivers are still required behind the wheel. In this kind of vehicle, the driver’s hand on the wheel is not necessary. Although the driver must be behind the wheel. The Audi R8 is one of the first cars made with Level 3 autonomous technology.
Level 4: High automation
Level 5: Full automation
This is the ultimate level of autonomy,. These cars will not even have steering wheels or acceleration/braking pedals to control by a human. All the operations can be done by simple voice command. Also, the car has the ability to detect your destination by investigating your schedule. However, fully autonomous cars are still not in public
According to the experts, it will take another 10-15 years for people to buy a fully automated car in a store like a regular car these days. But who knows. Some people thought there will be flying cars in 2020. But even planes are not allowed to fly now. ;-p Therefore “when will autonomous cars be available to the public” is not a question that can give an exact answer. Hopefully, we think before 2030 we will be able to see at least one fully automotive car.
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